What exactly is nail psoriasis?
Nail and toenail abnormalities are symptoms of nail psoriasis, an autoimmune illness. This disorder causes discoloration, pitting, and structural anomalies in the nails. With the correct therapy, the condition may be cured, and the ailment is not contagious.
Anyone may get nail psoriasis, regardless of their history. However, you are more likely to get this condition if you:
You are above forty years old.
You are genetically prone to acquiring psoriasis due to a family history.
You are affected with psoriatic arthritis.
Nail psoriasis symptoms
It is critical to be able to recognize nail psoriasis symptoms so that treatment may begin as soon as feasible. Among these signs are:
Pitting: If you see any dents or pits on your nails, you may have nail psoriasis. The pits might be very tiny (0.4 mm) or quite enormous (2 mm). You may also have an unlimited amount of pits on your nails.
Discoloration: In situations of nail psoriasis, the nail bed changes color. The patches, sometimes known as oil drop spots or salmon patches, may be red, pink, yellow, or brown in color.
Nail structure: A nail psoriasis symptom might be modified in the nail structure. The nails may become exceedingly thin and shatter. Horizontal grooves may form across the nails. Nail fungus may occur in certain instances of nail psoriasis.
In certain situations, the soreness and tenderness may impair the ability to walk, stand, and/or use one’s hands.
Prevention of nail psoriasis
Maintaining personal cleanliness is an effective strategy to avoid the onset of nail psoriasis.
Always keep your nails short.
To smooth the edges of the nail, use a nail file.
Handle chemicals with gloves while doing dishes or washing laundry.
Every day, moisturize the hands, cuticles, and nails.
Wear shoes that are both comfy and spacious.
Causes of nail psoriasis
Because psoriasis is an autoimmune illness, there are no precise causes. New skin cells develop every 28 to 30 days in healthy humans. New cells form every 3 to 4 days in persons with nail psoriasis, and when they reach the skin’s surface, they cause a rash.
If a person has skin psoriasis, they may also have nail psoriasis.
Psoriasis of the nails therapy
Contact your doctor if you feel you have nail psoriasis. Most therapy options may not be able to cure this disease. Some nail psoriasis treatment possibilities include:
Corticosteroids: Corticosteroids are an excellent nail psoriasis therapy that may be used as an ointment, lotion, or nail lacquer. The drug must reach the nail bed and the region of the finger where the nail begins to develop.
The drug must be administered twice daily, and it will take 4 to 6 months to see any notable changes.
Oral treatments: For more severe forms of nail psoriasis, there are various liquid medicines and pills available. These medications are methotrexate, apremilast, and cyclosporine.
Injections are another therapy option. Adalimumab, ustekinumab, and etanercept are injected into the skin surrounding the nails using a tiny needle.
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Phototherapy is a treatment for nail psoriasis that use ultraviolet radiation from specific lamps. These rays are utilized in conjunction with a medication known as psoralen.
Laser therapy: A pulsed dye laser is used to target the blood vessels beneath the nails, lowering the severity of the condition. This nail psoriasis therapy is repeated every 6 months.
If you have nail psoriasis, you may be self-conscious about your nails. In this scenario, you may apply nail paint or softly buff the nails. However, false nails should be avoided since they might aggravate the problem and further destroy the nail bed.